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The Ozieri's culture



The Ozieri's culture

It was named after the site of first recovery in 1915: the Saint Michael's Cave to the Cappuccini of Ozieri, but it's enlarges on the whole Sardinia Insland. Its context highlights elements of material culture of oriental derivation, as comparison with the coeves cultures of the east Mediterranean sea, above all pottery and tomb elements. It shows specific characteristics however. In its development new cultural elements are introduced progressively, what the megalithism, of western origin. It recovers and increases the Arci's Mountain obsidian exploitation, the ancient black gold, of which Sardinia was an inexhaustible source. The Culture of Ozieri appears fundamentally compact and homogeneous in the whole island, but with regional facies. The megalithic is extended in the island center and in the Barbagia's areas progressively, and near the numerous Domus de Janas the big Menhir appear. In the Cagliari's and Oristano's planes its agricultural character emerges, maintaining the common aspects of a material culture with the whole Sardinia however. Its relative chronology is 3300 - 2500 B.C., even if some aspects, named sub-Ozieri culture they remain in the following phases of the Abealzu's and Filigosa's cultures.

The prenuragic installation

It's extends on a Padrillonis Mountain long flat, around 2 Km northwards the country. Bordered to north and to east by the wide valleys dug by the Flumini Imbessu, it descends in the opposite slopes softly, Pranu Suergiu westwards and Brentoni-Cara Bassa southwards. Woody a little while ago, in 1983 a violent fire has highlighted the archaeological rests.


Cara Bassa
Frammento di parete di vaso globulare decorato a scanalature
© Municipality of Villa Sant´Antonio